Breast Augmentation and Breast Implants
Breast Augmentation with Breast Implants is a cosmetic plastic surgery procedure used to increase the size and improve the shape of a woman's breasts.
The breasts are often seen as a symbol of a woman’s femininity. Sometimes women with small, underdeveloped breasts may lack confidence in their bodies.
For this reason, Breast Augmentation Surgery (Augmentation Mammaplasty) continues
to gain popularity. If you want larger and shapelier breasts, San Francisco Breast Implants surgeon, Dr. Mele, can help you achieve your cosmetic goals
in a comfortable environment where you will be well cared for. He and his staff will attentively listen to your desires, schedule convenient appointments,
and fully address your cosmetic surgery concerns.
If you want larger, fuller breasts, you should consider Bay Area Breast Implants surgeon Joseph A. Mele, MD, FACS. A reputable San Francisco Bay Area
Breast Implants specialist, Dr. Mele can help you achieve results that are personalized, and natural-looking. You can anticipate excellent care and a comfortable experience
while visiting his Bay Area Plastic Surgery practice. Bay Area Breast Implants professional Dr. Mele can help to determine if you are a good candidate for Breast Augmentation
At our Walnut Creek office we use several different Breast Enlargement techniques. After an in-depth consultation,
Dr. Joseph Mele will recommend the technique that is most appropriate for you.
Breast Augmentation (Mammoplasty) Before and After Photos
Breast Augmentation Procedure
When performing Breast Augmentation, Dr. Mele first makes a small incision either in the crease of the breast or along
the edge of the areola. He then gently inserts saline or silicone gel Breast Implants beneath the pectoral
muscles, which help hold the breast implants in place. Finally, the incision is carefully closed and stitched.
Breast Enhancement is usually performed under general anesthesia in an accredited surgery center for your comfort and safety.
Many patients who come to our Walnut Creek Plastic Surgery Office choose to undergo Breast Augmentation in conjunction with other cosmetic
surgery treatments such as Tummy Tuck (the other half of a Mommy Makeover),
If you are interested in Breast Implants and live in the San Francisco Bay Area, give us a call at (925) 943-6353 or
schedule an appointment with Dr. Mele
at our Walnut Creek plastic surgery office today.
Breast Augmentation Videos
Click Here to Read Dr. Mele's Postoperative Instructions for Breast Augmentation
Click Here to Read About the On-Q PainBuster Pain Control Pump
Click Here to Read About the Accufuser Post-Op Pain Control Pump
Frequently Asked Breast Augmentation Questions
Am I a good candidate for breast augmentation?
You may be a good candidate for breast implants at our San Francisco area office if you:
- Are unhappy with the size, shape or appearance of your breasts.
- Are over the age of 18.
- Have realistic surgical expectations.
- Are in good health.
An in-person, private consultation is the best way to get Breast Augmentation information specific to your needs. Your questions are answered in an
an interactive way, and specific details are reviewed. A good way to get all your questions answered is to write them down as your think of them,
and bring your list with you to your appointment. A focussed medical history and physical examination will help determine the safest and most predictable
method to achieve the goals you want.
Contact our Walnut Creek office near San Francisco to learn more about Breast Augmentation. We are always happy to answer questions
from new and existing patients.
Where is the incision?
Dr. Mele uses the periareolar and inframammary incision approaches for the majority of his Breast Augmentation patients. Both approaches allow for the
best direct view during surgery, increasing both predictability and safety of the procedure. These two approaches generally result in improved symmetry
and discrete scars that are well tolerated. The periareolar and inframammary approaches can also be used for any type of
Breast Revision surgery. This is not
the case for the axillary and umbilical approaches.
- Periareolar Incision Approach: With the increased use of saline-filled implants, the periareolar incision has become very popular. Since
the saline implant can be inserted empty and filled after it is placed, a smaller incision is required. A discreet location for this smaller incision is
at the junction of the areola and the skin surrounding it. In this location, the resultant scar is well-hidden after surgery. This incision also works
well for women of color.
- Inframammary Incision Approach: When the areola is too small or a larger incision is needed, the inframammary incision approach works
well. When this approach is used, the incision is placed along the inframammary fold or IMF (the crease under the breast). Dr. Mele likes to make the
incision slightly above the IMF so the scar will remain hidden if the patient's bikini top creeps up. One advantage of the IMF incision is that the milk
ducts along the lower pole of the nipple are preserved in this approach. (See lactation and breast augmentation below.)
- Axillary Incision Approach: With this approach, implants are placed through an incision in the axilla (armpit). This location is discreet;
however, because it is farther away from the breast, it can make placement of the implants more difficult. Since the lowest portion of the pocket cannot be
touched through the axillary incision, there is a slightly higher risk of breast implant asymmetry. There is also more post-operative pain and a slightly
higher risk of a change in nipple sensation with this approach. Additionally, the scar may be more visible in clothing.
- Umbilical Approach: The transumbilical approach (TUBA) involves making an incision above the belly button and placing the implants through
a long tube into position under the breast. The main advantage is no scar on the breast; however, since the scar on the breast usually heals very well, this
is a minimal advantage at best. Like the axillary incision, the incision is remote from the breast and there is less visualization and control of the
operative site. Since the implant needs to be tunneled up to the breasts, this approach causes soreness in the upper abdomen that is not present with the
If you are having a Breast Lift with your Breast Augmentation, the same incision used for the lift is used for placing the
Where is the Breast Implants placed?
Most breast implants are placed behind the pectoralis major muscle. This provides several advantages:
- The muscle tapers the upper pole of the breast mound, allowing for a superior contour and a more natural teardrop shape. This works for round implants
as well as for shaped implants.
- Placing the implant behind the muscle has historically decreased the risk of a tight scar around the implant, also called capsular contracture.
- If the breast implant is placed behind the muscle, there is improved visualization of the breast tissue during mammography.
- Decreased visibility and palpability of the implant.
Implants in front of the muscle have the following advantages:
- Better fill of the loose skin. Sometimes this can eliminate the need for a breast lift.
- Less movement of the implant with pectoralis major flexion.
What type of Breast Implants is right for me?
There are several options available for breast implants. The most frequently used breast implants in 2005 were smooth, round and saline filled. On November 17,
2006, the FDA lifted restrictions on the use of silicone gel breast implants. Since then the use of silicone gel filled breast implants has increased so that
currently the use of saline breast implants and silicone breast implants is close to equal.
- Smooth vs. Textured -- Implants were originally filled with silicone gel, and
had a higher incidence of hardening. Texturing was introduced to help keep the implants soft. With improvements in the implant shells in the mid 1990's the
incidence of capsular contracture for silicone gel filled implants has decreased, approaching the rate seen with saline filled implants.
The most frequently used implants are smooth. They provide a softer, more mobile enhancement. Since smooth implants can rotate, only round implants are smooth.
If placed behind the muscle, round breast implants still result in a tapered, teardrop shaped breast.
Currently, texturing is used primarily to keep shaped implants in their proper orientation. Textured implants are used most frequently in breast reconstruction
after a mastectomy. In this case, the chest wall is flat and augmentation requires greater volume in the lower pole to achieve a more natural appearance. The
texturing on the implant provides a rough surface that attaches to surrounding tissue like Velcro®. This keeps the bigger end under the lower pole of the
breast and usually prevents the breast implant from rotating. Disadvantages of texturing include increased rippling (wrinkling of the implant seen through the
skin), increased firmness, increased leakage (with Saline Breast Implants) and prolonged postoperative swelling.
- Round vs. Shaped -- When the implant is placed behind the muscle, all
implants provide a teardrop shape. Because texturing is required for a shaped implant, the disadvantages of shaped implants include increased rippling
(wrinkling of the implant seen through the skin), increased firmness, increased leakage and prolonged postoperative swelling. Some patients can receive
benefits from a shaped implant that outweighs these disadvantages, but this needs to be determined on an individual basis. Most patients have better results
with smooth round implants when saline filled implants are used. For gel filled implants, highly cohesive silicone gel is used. These are soft, but have been nicknamed
gummy bear breast implants, as their consistency is similar to fresh gummi-bear candies. The greatest benefit may be the stability of its filling. The silicone gel inside
form stable breast implants does not flow, so it will not migrate if the shell breaks. It has been suggested that texturing also provides additional stabilization of the
breast implants, and it may decrease the risk of capsular contracture. Recent improvements in the shell of silicone gel filled breast implants, has significantly
decreased capsular contracture rates, and this will likely dwarf any improvement seen from texturing.
- Saline vs. Silicone filled -- All implant shells are made of silicone. It
is an inert substance that is very well tolerated by the body. It is used for many types of implants, artificial joints and catheters that are permanently
placed in the body. The difference between saline and silicone implants is the filler.
Silicone filled breast implant restrictions were largely removed in 2006. As a clinical investigator for both US silicone breast implant adjunct studies,
Dr. Mele has provided appropriately selected patients the option of silicone filled breast implants for the duration of his practice. Sponsored by Allergan
(formerly Inamed & McGhan) and Mentor, these clinical trials have shown that silicone filled breast implants are safe and effective. Current recommendations
and restrictions include:
1) While saline implants are available for women age 18 years and older, silicone gel implants are only available for women age 22 and over.
2) To detect "silent" leaks in the implant an MRI of the breast is recommended at three years after the initial surgery and every two years after that.
3) Recommendations may change as long term data continues to be collected. To facilitate the collection of longer term data a patient registry has been
established. Additionally, patients currently enrolled in the original ten year silicone breast implant adjunct studies will continued to be followed for an
additional five years. In 2007, new ten year studies started looking at outcomes for both Saline filled breast implants and Silicone Gel filled breast
implants. Dr. Mele is a primary investigator for all these studies to help insure that Breast Augmentation Surgery remains safe and effective.
4) Because of concerns with damaging the implants, silicone filled implants should not be placed transaxillary, transumbilically or with the TUBA technique.
When considering whether to proceed with breast augmentation it is import to discuss the risks, benefits, procedure, alternatives and recovery with a Board
Certified Plastic Surgeon certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. This is the only ABMS recognized Board dedicated exclusively to Plastic Surgery.
Many of the risks associated with saline and silicone filled breast implants are similar; however, there are some differences between saline and silicone gel
Some of the problems specific to silicone gel filled breast implants are linked to leakage. The more liquid the filler, the more it will migrate should the tough
outer shell fail. The "Gummy Bear," form-stable breast implants are soft solids - more like Jello® than a liquid. The upside is, they can't leak, so MRI's may
not be required. For reconstructive patients (after mastectomy) the form-stable breast implants can be made into a larger variety of shapes. The downside is
these soft solid silicone breast implants require a larger incision for placement. While this is not usually a problem for patients undergoing breast reconstruction
or a breast lift with their breast augmentation, for a patient undergoing primary breast augmentation surgery, it means a larger incision.
- Saline: The main advantage of saline implants is that patients experience
fewer problems if they leak. The implant will still need to be replaced, but the saline, which is nothing more than salt water, can be quickly and safely
absorbed into the body. Capsular contracture is less likely with saline implants, though this advantage has been narrowing with the introduction of the newer
silicone gel breast implants. Disadvantages include increased firmness to touch and increased rippling.
- Silicone gel: Advantages of silicone gel include a softer augmentation resulting in a more natural feel and a lower incidence of rippling.
Disadvantages include increased difficulty detecting leaks and more problems following a leak, since silicone gel does not get absorbed by the body. If a gel
implant is found to have a leak, it will need to be replaced. Form-stable silicone gel breast implants are more cohesive, and should not have the same problems
with gel migration seen with the more liquid filled silicone gel breast implants. Contracture rates are higher with silicone gel implants, but there has been a decrease in capsular
contracture associated with silicone gel implants in recent years, due to changes in the shell used to contain the gel.
- Highly cohesive gel implants (Gummy Bears): These are
a specific type of silicone gel filled breast implant. Silicone is a very versatile substance and can be free-flowing like water, soft like a stress squeeze ball,
or hard like rubber. The highly cohesive silicone gel Breast Implants are the latest generation of Breast Implants are now available in the US. The first company
to receive FDA approval for highly cohesive silicone gel breast implants was Sientra in 2012. Sientra uses this form-stable silicone gel in all its Breast Implants
(smooth round, textured round and shaped breast implants). Allergan's 410's were approved in 2013, and Mentor's CPG's were approved by the FDA later the same year.
All breast implants have a silicone shell, even saline filled breast implants, but only the newest gummy-bear breast implants contain a high strength,
highly cohesive gel that is both soft and solid. Soft enough to be squishable, but solid enough to be made into specific shapes. Referred to as "gummy-bear," "form-stable,"
or "shape-stable" breast implants, these implants provide additional advantages for women who desire breast reconstruction after mastectomy or for congenital breast abnormalities.
Advantages include softness to the touch comparable to previous silicone gel breast implants, capsular contracture rates comparable to saline breast implants, reduced rippling,
no leaking (they are solid) and the availability of various shape-stable dimensions. The main disadvantage is the need for a larger incision.
Gummy Bear Breast Implant Video
The gummy bear breast implant video below demonstrates how the cohesiveness of the gel allows it to remain intact, even when the breast implant shell is cut completely in half.
The center does not flow like saline or regular silicone gel filled implants, making removal simpler in case the implant is damaged.
How do I know what size is right for me?
Size is the most subjective part of breast augmentation. Results are most natural when breast augmentation is kept proportional with the rest of a patient's frame.
A specific result cannot be guaranteed, but some exercises will help to narrow the choices. No one method is ideal, but each can provide some benefit if used
- Buy a bra the size you would like to be and fill it. You can use bra inserts, ziplock bags filled with rice, water balloons and even socks to try out different
sizes. This can help identify the right size for you and let you try it out before making a final decision. If you bring this to your consultation appointment,
it will help Dr. Mele understand your breast augmentation goals.
- Pictures of your desired result can help in choosing the correct size implant. The shape of the breast, however, may not be the same and sometimes a breast lift
can be helpful. If you have a picture of a chest that is close to what you desire, bring it with you to your consultation. This can provide a starting point for
discussion and can help convey your desires and establish realistic expectations.
- Before and after pictures can also be helpful. Dr. Mele keeps albums with before and after pictures in the consultation rooms to help narrow the range of
choices and to demonstrate some common conditions that influence results. If you come across some before and after pictures you like, bring them with you so we
can discuss them.
Tuberous or Tubular Breasts, Poland Syndrome and other Congenital Deformities
Sometimes the breast shape of the breast is influenced by a birth defect. Congenital Deformities cause a wide range of problems from severe to mild.
Poland's Syndrome or Poland Syndrome
Poland's Syndrome in it's most severe form may present as the complete absence of the breast and nipple with webbing of the fingers (syndactyly). On the other hand,
Poland syndrome can also present as mild asymmetry that is barely noticeable. The treatment of woman with Poland Syndrome will depend on how it presents.
Severe forms may require staged surgery. This way, adjustments can be made to match the normal breast as it develops during puberty.
Tubular Breast or Tuberous Breast Deformities
Tubular Breasts or Tuberous Breasts are another common congenital deformity. The tubular breast deformity is caused by tightening of
the lower pole of the breast. It can also cause the breast tissue to herniate into the nipple/areola complex, resulting in "puffy nipples". The overly full areolae project
out from the breast mound into what is often called a "Snoopy Nose" deformity. These types of problems with breast shape can be helped with carefully planned surgery often
including both Breast Augmentation and a Breast Lift.
Tubular Breast Augmentation Before and After Photos
Do My Breast Implants have a Warranty?
Yes, all three US based breast implant manufacturers have a warranty program for their breast implants. Natrelle (Allergan), Mentor (Johnson & Johnson) and Sientra (Silimed) all have
generous warranties, including lifetime breast implant replacement. If your breast implant ever leaks, a new one will be supplied for replacement absolutely free. If a breast implants leaks
within 10 years of your initial breast augmentation, financial assistance is available to help pay the surgical costs associated with breast implant replacement. Warranty information
is available below via the supplied links. For the latest details, please consult your plastic surgeon or check your breast implant manufacturer's web site. Breast implant warranties are frequently updated.
Natrelle Breast Implants (Allergan)
Mentor Breast Implants (Johnson & Johnson)
Sientra Breast Implants (Silimed)
Does Breast Augmentation Surgery Hurt?
The short answer is yes; however, there are ways to make the procedure more tolerable. RICE therapy can be helpful - RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and
Elevation. Some details of post operative care can be found on the Breast Augmentation Postoperative Instruction Sheet.
Many patients find icing the breasts works as well or better than pain medication.
Pain medications can be helpful. Some medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin®, Advil®), and naprosyn (Aleve®) will make you bleed and should be
avoided. Acetaminophen (Tylenol®) is okay, but should be avoided while taking most prescription pain medications. Most prescription pain medications already
have acetaminophen (Tylenol®) in them, and there is a possibility of overdosing and injuring your liver. Most herbal medications should be avoided the week
before and after surgery, but Arnica Montana can help decrease swelling and pain after surgery. Information is available at the time of consultation.
Pain pumps can be helpful. These are medical devices that pump local anesthesia into the area around the implants. They decrease the pain by numbing the nerves
that are irritated. A small catheter goes from the reservoir which regulates the flow of local anesthesia to the breast. Some pumps have a button that can be
depressed to give a little extra medicine when it's needed. Most pumps last several days, and will help get you over the most difficult part of recovery.
Unfortunately, nation wide shortages, have made it occasionally difficult to find local anesthesia for elective use in pain pumps.
Most patients are moving well by the end of one week, and by two weeks, most postoperative restrictions are removed.
Bay Area Breast Augmentation surgeon Dr. Joseph Mele offers several approaches to Breast Enhancement. Periareolar (around the areola) and Inframammary (in the breast crease)
incisions provide both discrete access and the best direct view of the breast implant pocket. This increases the predictability and the safety of your surgery.
Pre-filled silicone breast implants should only be inserted through the Periareolar or Inframammary incision to minimize trauma to the breast implant's shell. Saline implants
can also be inserted through these incisions or via Axillary (through the armpit) and Umbilical or “TUBA” (through the belly button) incisions, because they are filled after placement.
San Francisco Breast Enhancement Doctor
If you are looking to enhance the shape and/or size of your breasts through breast augmentation surgery (“augmentation mammaplasty”), it is important to seek the
expertise of a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon, such as Joseph A. Mele, MD, FACS. He is a San Francisco Breast Enhancement Doctor whose practice
is based in the East Bay city of Walnut Creek, CA. Individuals who decide to undergo a breast augmentation/enhancement with Dr. Mele may anticipate a well cared for
and comfortable experience.
Dr. Mele and his staff will do everything in their power to schedule convenient appointments, attentively listen to your desires, and fully address your cosmetic surgery concerns.
San Francisco Breast Implants surgeon, Dr. Mele, will further discuss enhancement options with you during an initial consultation. During this time,
you may also wish to inquire about other body contouring procedures such as
Breast Lift surgery (“mastopexy”) or
Tummy Tuck surgery ("abdominoplasty").
Breast enhancement and belly enhancement procedures are often combined for a
Mommy Makeover which is designed to help a woman regain her pre-pregnancy contours.
To see examples of Dr. Mele’s beautiful patient results, please view our Before and After Plastic Surgery Photos.
Board certified by the American Board of Surgery (ABS) and the American Board of Plastic Surgery (ABPS), Dr. Mele is a qualified Bay Area Breast Implants surgeon.
He has published articles about cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery and has presented research at national, state, and local plastic surgery conferences.
Dr. Mele is also an active member of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) and the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS).
If you are interested in breast implants, and would like to schedule a consultation, please contact Walnut Creek Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Mele by calling
(925) 943-6353. You may also make a request by filling out a